“The child, making use of all that he finds around him, shapes himself for the future.” Maria Montessori
This branch of Montessori’s curriculum works toward refining our five senses: tactile, visual, auditory, olfactory, and gustatory senses and Montessori categorized the sensorial activities based on the following eight groups: visual, tactile, baric, thermic, auditory, olfactory, gustatory, and stereognostic. Montessori believed that the child’s sensorial exploration begins at birth and it is a significant way the child explores her environment. These activities offer the child ways to experience, understand, and classify the world around her. For example, the Sound Cylinders are an activity where the child learns to discriminate different sounds and matches ones that are the same. There are also Sound Games where we might work on being absolutely silent so we can hear the sounds around us and then identify these sounds. These activities offer the child the opportunity to be more sensitive to the sounds around her.
Sensorial Activities include:
Cylinder Blocks (knobbed cylinders), The Pink Tower, The Brown Stair, Red Rods, Knobless Cylinders, Sound Cylinders, Smelling Bottles, Touch Boards, Touch Tablets, Fabrics, Baric Tablets, Thermic Tablets, Pressure Cylinders, Stereognostic Bag (Mystery Bag), Color Tablets, Binomial Cube, Geometry Solids, Geometry Cabinet, Constructive Triangles, Trinomial Cube, Music (includes the Silence Game, Tapping, Orchestra Music, Singing, and the Bells)